A frying pan, frypan, or skillet is a flat-bottomed pan used for frying, searing, and browning foods. It is typically 200 to 300 mm (8 to 12 in) in diameter with relatively low sides that flare outwards, a long handle, and no lid. Larger pans may have a small grab handle opposite the main handle. A pan of similar dimensions, but with less flared vertical sides and often with a lid, is called a sauté pan. While a sauté pan can be used like a frying pan, it is designed for lower heat cooking methods, namely sautéing.

History

Copper frying pans were used in ancient Mesopotamia. Frying pans were also known in ancient Greece where they were called tagēnon (Greek: τάγηνον) and Rome, where they were called patella or sartago. The word pan derives from the Old English panna. Before the introduction of the kitchen stove in the mid-19th century, a commonly used cast iron cooking pan called a spider had a handle and three legs used to stand up in the coals and ashes of the fire. Cooking pots and pans with legless, flat bottoms were designed when cooking stoves became popular; this period of the late 19th century saw the introduction of the flat cast iron skillet.

Frying pan relatives

A versatile pan that combines the best of both the sauté pan and the frying pan has higher, sloping sides that are often slightly curved. This pan is called a sauteuse (literally a sauté pan in the female gender), an evasée (denoting a pan with sloping sides), or a fait-tout (literally "does everything"). Most professional kitchens have several of these utensils in varying sizes.
A grill pan is a frying pan with very low sides, with a series of parallel ridges in the cooking surface or a removable metal grid. A grill pan cooks food with radiant heat (like a grill) on a stovetop. It is referred to as a "griddle pan" in British English.
A "rappie pan" is a pan used to make rappie pie, an Acadian potato dish. The pan is made from aluminum or stainless steel.

Construction


Traditionally, frying pans were made of cast iron. Although cast iron is still popular today, especially for outdoor cooking, most frying pans are now made from metals such as aluminium or stainless steel. The materials and construction method used in modern frying pans vary greatly and some typical materials include:
Aluminium/Anodized aluminium
Cast iron
Copper
Stainless steel
Clad stainless steel with an aluminium or copper core
A coating is sometimes applied to the surface of the pan to make it non-stick. Frying pans made from bare cast iron or carbon steel can also gain non-stick properties through seasoning and use.

Non-stick frying pans

A process for bonding Teflon to chemically roughened aluminum was patented in France by Marc Gregoire in 1954. In 1956 he formed a company to market non-stick cookware under the "Tefal" brand name. The durability of the early coatings was poor, but improvements in manufacturing have made these products a kitchen standard. The surface is not as tough as metal and the use of metal utensils (e.g. spatulas) can permanently mar the coating and degrade its non-stick property.
For some cooking preparations a non-stick frying pan is inappropriate, especially for deglazing, where the residue of browning is to be incorporated in a later step such as a pan sauce. Since little or no residue can stick to the surface, the sauce will fail for lack of its primary flavoring agent.
Non-stick frying pans featuring teflon coatings may give off toxic fumes, as the coating decomposes when heated beyond approximately 240 °C (464 °F). Such temperatures can be reached within minutes on gas or electric ranges using high heat.

Electric frying pans

An electric frying pan or electric skillet incorporates an electric heating element into the frying pan itself and so can function independently off of a cooking stove. Accordingly, it has heat-insulated legs for standing on a countertop. (The legs usually attach to handles.) Electric frying pans are common in shapes that are unusual for 'unpowered' frying pans, notably square and rectangular. Most are designed with straighter sides than their stovetop cousins and include a lid. In this way they are a cross between a frying pan and a sauté pan.
A modern electric skillet has an additional advantage over the stovetop version: heat regulation. The detachable power cord/unit incorporates a thermostatic control for maintaining the desired temperature.
With the perfection of the thermostatic control, the electric skillet became a popular kitchen appliance. Although it largely has been supplanted by the microwave oven, it is still in use in many kitchens.

Use

The cooking surface of a frying pan is typically coated with a layer of oil or fat when the pan is in use (though greasy foods like bacon do not need additional oil added). In pan-frying, a layer of oil has four functions: it lubricates the surface; increases contact between the food and the pan; acts as a thermal mass to reduce cooking time; and increases flavour and colour.
The depth of the oil will vary depending on the food being cooked. When frying battered fish or chicken, for example, the oil generously covers the inner pan surface, but when frying pancakes, the oil is but a thin film to keep the batter from sticking.
Some frying techniques do not require added oil. "Blackening" dredges the food itself in fat, and uses a layer of spices to keep the food from sticking to the pan. These recipes also call for an intensely heated pan, which quickly sears the food being cooked.
The handle of a frying pan may have a non-metallic covering. This can be very helpful to prevent burns.

Caring for a frying pan


Cast iron and carbon steel frying pans must be seasoned before use and periodically afterwards, and should be cleaned with care not to remove the seasoned coating.
Frying pans made from copper are tinned to prevent toxic reactions between the copper and the food being cooked and may occasionally need re-tinning. Some cooks also polish the exterior to remove tarnish.
Uncoated aluminium and stainless steel frying pans require very little maintenance.
Frying pans with non-stick coatings such as Teflon cannot safely be heated past the decomposition point of their coatings (about 260 °C (500 °F), though high-heat coatings are available).

See also


List of cooking vessels

Notes


References


Houlihan, Jane (May 2003). "Canaries in the Kitchen: Teflon Toxicosis". Environmental Working Group. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2010.

It's Not Me It's You It's Not Me It's You - Skillet

Say Goodbye Say Goodbye - Skillet

Splinter Splinter - Skillet

Looking For Angels Looking For Angels - Skillet

More Faithful More Faithful - Skillet

Cycle Down Cycle Down - Skillet

My Religion My Religion - Skillet

Salvation Salvation - Skillet

Open Wounds Open Wounds - Skillet

Promise Blender Promise Blender - Skillet

Jesus Be Glorified Jesus Be Glorified - Skillet

Famous Famous - Skillet

Breaking Free Breaking Free - Skillet

Energy Energy - Skillet

Your Love (Keeps Me Alive) Your Love (Keeps Me Alive) - Skillet

Destroyer Destroyer - Skillet

Hard to Find Hard to Find - Skillet

Valley of Death Valley of Death - Skillet

Live Free or Let Me Die Live Free or Let Me Die - Skillet

Reach Reach - Skillet

Legendary Legendary - Skillet

Will You Be There (Falling Down) Will You Be There (Falling Down) - Skillet

This Is the Kingdom This Is the Kingdom - Skillet

Sometimes Sometimes - Skillet

Shout Your Freedom Shout Your Freedom - Skillet

Rise Up Rise Up - Skillet

Awake and Alive Awake and Alive - Skillet

Psycho In My Head Psycho In My Head - Skillet

Intro Intro - Skillet

White Horse White Horse - Skillet

The One The One - Skillet

Shout to the Lord Shout to the Lord - Skillet

Set It Off Set It Off - Skillet

Anchor Anchor - Skillet

Forever or the End Forever or the End - Skillet

Rest Rest - Skillet

Madness In Me Madness In Me - Skillet

Sing to the Lord Sing to the Lord - Skillet

Back From The Dead Back From The Dead - Skillet

Stronger Stronger - Skillet

Heaven In My Veins Heaven In My Veins - Skillet

Falling Inside The Black Falling Inside The Black - Skillet

We Walk As Lions We Walk As Lions - Skillet

Refuge Refuge - Skillet

Safe With You Safe With You - Skillet

Never Surrender Never Surrender - Skillet

Savior Savior - Skillet

Always The Same Always The Same - Skillet

Beyond Incredible Beyond Incredible - Skillet

Dead Man Walking Dead Man Walking - Skillet

Feel Invincible Feel Invincible - Skillet

Dominion Dominion - Skillet

Collide Collide - Skillet

You Take My Rights Away You Take My Rights Away - Skillet

Ignite Ignite - Skillet

I Want To Live I Want To Live - Skillet

The Last Night The Last Night - Skillet

You're Powerful You're Powerful - Skillet

Victorious Victorious - Skillet

Lucy Lucy - Skillet

Finish Line Finish Line - Skillet

Come My Way Come My Way - Skillet

One Real Thing One Real Thing - Skillet

Better Than Drugs Better Than Drugs - Skillet

Brave Brave - Skillet

Your Name Is Holy Your Name Is Holy - Skillet

Gasoline Gasoline - Skillet

Whispers In The Dark Whispers In The Dark - Skillet

Fire and Fury Fire and Fury - Skillet

Yours To Hold Yours To Hold - Skillet

Boundaries Boundaries - Skillet

Fingernails Fingernails - Skillet

Believe Believe - Skillet

Save Me Save Me - Skillet

Thirst Is Taking Over Thirst Is Taking Over - Skillet

Kill Me, Heal Me Kill Me, Heal Me - Skillet

Scarecrow Scarecrow - Skillet

Deeper Deeper - Skillet

Those Nights Those Nights - Skillet

The Older I Get The Older I Get - Skillet

Alien Youth Alien Youth - Skillet

Invincible Invincible - Skillet

Destiny Destiny - Skillet

Monster Monster - Skillet

Terrify the Dark Terrify the Dark - Skillet

Vapor Vapor - Skillet

Standing in the Storm Standing in the Storm - Skillet

I Can I Can - Skillet

Under My Skin Under My Skin - Skillet

American Noise American Noise - Skillet

Whirlwind Whirlwind - Skillet

Locked in a Cage Locked in a Cage - Skillet

Best Kept Secret Best Kept Secret - Skillet

My Obsession My Obsession - Skillet

Never Going Back Never Going Back - Skillet

Take Take - Skillet

Stars Stars - Skillet

Each Other Each Other - Skillet

Come on to the Future Come on to the Future - Skillet

Eating Me Away Eating Me Away - Skillet

Your Love Your Love - Skillet

Awake & Alive Awake & Alive - Skillet

Jesus Jesus (Holy and Anointed One) Jesus Jesus (Holy and Anointed One) - Skillet

The Fire Breathes The Fire Breathes - Skillet

You Ain't Ready You Ain't Ready - Skillet

Would It Matter Would It Matter - Skillet

Lions Lions - Skillet

Forsaken Forsaken - Skillet

Angels Fall Down Angels Fall Down - Skillet

Freak Show Freak Show - Skillet

Holy and Annointed One Holy and Annointed One - Skillet

Good to Be Alive Good to Be Alive - Skillet

Surviving The Game Surviving The Game - Skillet

My Beautiful Robe My Beautiful Robe - Skillet

Undefeated Undefeated - Skillet

How Deep the Father's Love for Us How Deep the Father's Love for Us - Skillet

Back to Life Back to Life - Skillet

Stand Stand - Skillet

You Get Me High You Get Me High - Skillet

You're in My Brain You're in My Brain - Skillet

Coming Down Coming Down - Skillet

Battle Cry Battle Cry - Skillet

Suspended in You Suspended in You - Skillet

You Thought You Thought - Skillet

Rebirthing Rebirthing - Skillet

The Resistance The Resistance - Skillet

Sick of It Sick of It - Skillet

Dive over In Dive over In - Skillet

Pour Pour - Skillet

We're Thirsty We're Thirsty - Skillet

I Trust You I Trust You - Skillet

You Are My Hope You Are My Hope - Skillet

Sick and Empty Sick and Empty - Skillet

A Little More A Little More - Skillet

Burn It Down Burn It Down - Skillet

Rippin' Me Off Rippin' Me Off - Skillet

The Thirst Is Taking Over The Thirst Is Taking Over - Skillet

Don't Wake Me Don't Wake Me - Skillet

Last Day Of Summer Last Day Of Summer - Skillet

Rise Rise - Skillet

One Day Too Late One Day Too Late - Skillet

Earth Invasion Earth Invasion - Skillet

Should've When You Could've Should've When You Could've - Skillet

Circus for a Psycho Circus for a Psycho - Skillet

Comatose Comatose - Skillet

Saviors of The World Saviors of The World - Skillet

Paint Paint - Skillet

Imperfection Imperfection - Skillet

Dreaming Of Eden Dreaming Of Eden - Skillet

What I Believe What I Believe - Skillet

Say It Loud Say It Loud - Skillet

Saturn Saturn - Skillet

Not Gonna Die Not Gonna Die - Skillet

Stay Til the Daylight Stay Til the Daylight - Skillet

Freakshow Freakshow - Skillet

Dead Inside Dead Inside - Skillet

Forgiven Forgiven - Skillet

Will You Be There Will You Be There - Skillet

Who Is Like Our God Who Is Like Our God - Skillet

Battlecry Battlecry - Skillet

Out of Hell Out of Hell - Skillet

Hey You I Love Your Soul Hey You I Love Your Soul - Skillet

Hero Hero - Skillet

Jesus Jesus Jesus Jesus - Skillet

Watching For Comets Watching For Comets - Skillet

Everything Goes Black Everything Goes Black - Skillet

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Albums & Songs

  • Surviving The Game
  • Standing in the Storm
  • Dominion
  • Valley of Death
  • Beyond Incredible
  • Destiny
  • Refuge
  • Shout Your Freedom
  • Destroyer
  • Forever or the End
  • Ignite
  • White Horse
  • Crossfire
  • Psycho In My Head
  • Finish Line (feat. Adam Gontier)
  • Unbreakable Soul
  • The Defiant
  • Surviving The Game
  • Standing in the Storm
  • Dominion
  • Valley of Death
  • Beyond Incredible
  • Destiny
  • Refuge
  • Shout Your Freedom
  • Destroyer
  • Forever or the End
  • Ignite
  • White Horse
  • Legendary
  • You Ain't Ready
  • Victorious
  • This Is the Kingdom
  • Save Me
  • Rise Up
  • Terrify the Dark
  • Never Going Back
  • Reach
  • Anchor
  • Finish Line
  • Back to Life
  • Legendary
  • You Ain't Ready
  • Victorious
  • This Is the Kingdom
  • Save Me
  • Rise Up
  • Terrify the Dark
  • Never Going Back
  • Reach
  • Anchor
  • Finish Line
  • Back to Life
  • Dead Man Walking
  • Sick and Empty
  • Dreaming of Eden
  • Victorious (Soundtrack Version)
  • Legendary (Destiny Remix)
  • Save Me (Reimagined)
  • Reach (Falling Deep Mix)
  • Terrify the Dark (Reimagined)
  • Feel Invincible
  • Feel Invincible
  • Feel Invincible
  • Feel Invincible
  • Feel Invincible
  • Feel Invincible
  • Back from the Dead
  • Stars
  • I Want to Live
  • Undefeated
  • Famous
  • Lions
  • Out of Hell
  • Burn It Down
  • Watching for Comets
  • Saviors of the World
  • The Resistance
  • Feel Invincible
  • Back from the Dead
  • Stars
  • I Want to Live
  • Undefeated
  • Famous
  • Lions
  • Out of Hell
  • Burn It Down
  • Watching for Comets
  • Saviors of the World
  • The Resistance
  • Breaking Free (feat. Lacey Sturm)
  • Stay Til the Daylight
  • Brave
  • You Get Me High
  • Set It Off
  • Feel Invincible (Death Tiger Remix)
  • The Resistance (SOLI Remix)
  • Stars (Film Version)
  • Rise
  • Sick of It
  • Good to Be Alive
  • Not Gonna Die
  • Circus for a Psycho
  • American Noise
  • Madness In Me
  • Salvation
  • Fire and Fury
  • My Religion
  • Hard to Find
  • What I Believe
  • Whispers In the Dark (Live)
  • Comatose (Live)
  • Awake and Alive (Live)
  • Those Nights (Live)
  • Hero (Live)
  • The Last Night (Live)
  • Lucy (Live)
  • Monster (Live)
  • Rebirthing (Live)
  • Rise
  • Sick of It
  • Good to Be Alive
  • Not Gonna Die
  • Circus for a Psycho
  • American Noise
  • Madness In Me
  • Salvation
  • Fire and Fury
  • My Religion
  • Hard to Find
  • What I Believe
  • Battle Cry (Bonus Track)
  • Everything Goes Black (Bonus Track)
  • Freakshow (Bonus Track)
  • Awake and Alive (iTunes Session)
  • Sometimes (iTunes Session)
  • Rebirthing (iTunes Session)
  • Monster (iTunes Session)
  • The Last Night (iTunes Session)
  • Hero (iTunes Session)
  • Comatose (iTunes Session)
  • Believe (iTunes Session)
  • Hero
  • Monster
  • Don't Wake Me
  • Awake and Alive
  • One Day Too Late
  • It's Not Me, It's You
  • Should've When You Could've
  • Believe
  • Forgiven
  • Sometimes
  • Never Surrender
  • Lucy
  • Dead Inside (Bonus Track)
  • Would It Matter (Bonus Track)
  • Monster (Radio Edit)
  • Awake and Alive (The Quickening)
  • Hero (The Legion of Doom Remix)
  • Don't Wake Me (Pull Remix)
  • Monster (Unleash the Beast)
  • Hero
  • Monster
  • Don't Wake Me
  • Awake and Alive
  • One Day Too Late
  • It's Not Me, It's You
  • Should've When You Could've
  • Believe
  • Forgiven
  • Sometimes
  • Never Surrender
  • Lucy
  • Intro
  • Comatose
  • Whispers In the Dark
  • Collide
  • Forsaken
  • The Older I Get
  • The Last Night
  • Better Than Drugs
  • Those Nights
  • Yours to Hold
  • Rebirthing
  • My Obsession
  • Angels Fall Down
  • Savior
  • Best Kept Secret
  • Intro
  • Comatose
  • Whispers In the Dark
  • Collide
  • Forsaken
  • The Older I Get
  • The Last Night
  • Better Than Drugs
  • Those Nights
  • Yours to Hold
  • Rebirthing
  • My Obsession
  • Angels Fall Down
  • Savior
  • Best Kept Secret
  • Live Free or Let Me Die
  • Rebirthing (Acoustic Version)
  • Yours to Hold (Acoustic Version)
  • The Older I Get (Acoustic Version)
  • Whispers In the Dark (Acoustic Version)
  • Say Goodbye (Acoustic Version)
  • The Older I Get (Edited from Studio Footage)
  • The Older I Get (Rock Radio Mix)
  • The Older I Get (Acoustic Version)
  • Yours to Hold (Acoustic Version)
  • Rebirthing
  • The Last Night
  • Yours to Hold
  • Better Than Drugs
  • Comatose
  • The Older I Get
  • Those Nights
  • Falling Inside the Black
  • Say Goodbye
  • Whispers In the Dark
  • Looking for Angels
  • Forsaken
  • Savior
  • Open Wounds
  • A Little More
  • My Obsession
  • Collide
  • Fingernails
  • Imperfection
  • Under My Skin
  • Energy
  • Cycle Down
  • Alien Youth
  • Vapor
  • Earth Invasion
  • You Are My Hope
  • Eating Me Away
  • Kill Me, Heal Me
  • The Thirst Is Taking Over
  • One Real Thing
  • Stronger
  • Rippin' Me Off
  • Will You Be There (Falling Down)
  • Come My Way
  • Who Is Like Our God
  • Your Name Is Holy
  • How Deep the Father's Love for Us
  • Jesus, Jesus (Holy and Anointed One)
  • We're Thirsty
  • Jesus Be Glorified
  • Sing to the Lord
  • Angels Fall Down
  • Safe with You
  • Shout to the Lord
  • Best Kept Secret
  • You Take My Rights Away
  • Invincible
  • Rest
  • Come On to the Future
  • You're Powerful
  • I Trust You
  • Each Other
  • The Fire Breathes
  • Say It Loud
  • The One
  • You're In My Brain
  • Hey You, I Love Your Soul
  • Deeper
  • Locked In a Cage
  • Your Love (Keeps Me Alive)
  • More Faithful
  • Pour
  • Suspended In You
  • Take
  • Coming Down
  • Whirlwind
  • Dive Over In
  • Scarecrow
  • I Can
  • Gasoline
  • Saturn
  • My Beautiful Robe
  • Promise Blender
  • Paint
  • Safe with You
  • You Thought
  • Boundaries
  • Splinter